What's New in the Card Games site?

Note - a full list of all pagat.com pages and when they were last updated is available on the site map page.

23rd December 2013
Two new pages on variants of the Italian game Tessette: a four-player variant Mediatore in which a partner is chosen by calling a card, and a two-player variant Spizzichino in which each player has a hand of 10 cards and two packets of 5 cards.
New page on Candyman, also known as Drug Dealer, and a new group Role Games in which cards are used to assign secret identities to the players has been added to the classified index.
New page on the stops game Snip Snap Snorum and its variants.
New page on the children's game Snap.
New page on the ancient gambling game Lansquenet and its modern Italian variant Zecchinetta.
New page on the Canadian game Charlemagne.
New page on Ribs, an unusual game played by students in Cleveland, Ohio.
New page on Bestia, an Italian gambling game in which a player who stays in and wins no tricks has to pay the pot.
As usual, several games have been added to the Invented Games and Commercial Games sections, and several more pages have been translated into German.
14th August 2013
The section on the popular South American game Truco has been reorganised. There is a new page on Brazilian Truco and separate pages on Argentinean Truco and Uruguayan Truco.
New page on Open Face Chinese Poker with detailed rules and variants.
New page on the Punjabi game Getaway, also known as Bhabhi.
New page on the Polish games Kop and Baśka played with just 16 cards.
New page on Call Bridge, a four-player game of tricks, trumps and bidding played in Bangladesh.
New page on Porrazo, a fishing game played in the southwest USA and possibly also in Mexico.
The page on the Czech national game Mariáš now includes full rules for Auction Mariáš.
The Double Solitaire page now includes the version with simultaneous play.
The Yaniv page now includes rules for the equivalent Nepali game known as Jhyap or Dhumbal.
As usual, several games have been added to the Invented Games and Commercial Games sections, and several more game rules pages have been translated into German.
29th March 2013
New page on Băo huáng, a climbing game that has become popular in Northern China in the last few years.
New page on 5000 Rummy, a popular North American rummy game with many alternative names and variants, in which the players begin with different numbers of cards, the hand size being determined by the first card dealt to the player.
New page on Nomination Whist, a name used in Britain for at least three different games. It is an alternative name for Oh Hell!, but can also refer to Noms, a game played in the British Royal Navy, or to Clag, a game similar to Oh Hell! but with some special deals added. New pages have been published for these last two games.
New page on the Turkish tile rummy game Okey 101, which differs from normal Okey in that the players begin with more tiles and combinations are melded during the game, with a minimum initial meld value of 101.
New page on the Austrian games Anrufen and Königrufen played by 4 players with 32 or 24 cards - the latter not to be confused with the better known Tarock game also called Königrufen.
The Chinese Poker page now includes the recently popular Open Face variant.
The Pig page has a new section on Vatra and Magarac, variants played in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
As usual, several games have been added to the Invented Games and Commercial Games sections, and several more game rules pages have been translated into German.
23rd November 2012
Search box added at the top right of all pages. Design and layout modified to make the site more convenient for visitors using mobile phones.
New statistics page with information on the most visited pages, recently added pages, pages with a recent increase in visitors, plus editor's recommendations of games to try, with a summary on the Home Page.
An RSS feed is now available on the What's New page, providing the same occasional summary of major updates to pagat.com.
The Burraco page now has rules of the Italian game, and there are separate pages on the Brazilian version of Buraco and the Argentinean tile game Burako.
New page on La Coinche, a popular variant of the French game Belote, with bidding.
The Casino page now includes details of the version of Kasino played in Sweden and Finland.
The Go Fish / Authors / Quartet page now has details of variants played in Australia, Indonesia and Thailand.
New page on games in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
19th July 2012
New page on the popular Sri Lankan game 304.
New page on the game of Tablić played in Serbia and some other countries of the former Yugoslavia.
Two versions of Polish Taroki added: calling the XIX on the Czech Taroky page and calling the King on a new page.
New page on the Thai game Sam Sip (Mixing Tens).
New page on the German two-handed game 66 (Sechsundsechzig), and the page on the related Austrian game Schnapsen has been revised and corrected.
The page on the Canadian game Hockey has been updated, and now includes rules for an older version dating from the 1960's.
The page on Caribbean Kalooki has been expanded to include the version played in Trinidad and Tobago as well as the better known Jamaican version.
Several Invented and Commercial games gave been added.
24th March 2012
New page on the popular Belgian game Couillon, also known as Kwajongen, and its variants Kujong from Luxembourg and Troeven from Limburg.
New page on Turkish Poker, a five-card draw game using a stripped deck of 24-36 cards.
New page on Paston, a version of Preference played in Armenia.
New page on Game Flip Flop, a variant of the rummy game Tonk played in Ohio, USA.
The page on the Canadian game Kaiser has been rewritten and expanded to include rules for the 34-card Saskatchewan variant sometimes known as Three-Spot, the Québec variant Les Rois, and the related games Lost Heir and Joffre played with special cards.
The page on 31 (Schwimmen) has been explanded to include the Dutch variant and a related game 41, played with a 52-card pack.
New pages for the Couillon group and the Preference group have been added to the Classified Index.
Several Invented Games gave been added.
7th January 2012
The Index of Games by Number of Players is now fully working and up to date.
New page on the Korean rummy game Hoola.
New page on the Canadian game Les Quatre Sept, also known as La Politaine or La Poule.
Several Invented Games gave been added.
3rd December 2011
German edition of pagat.com launched with about 60 pages of translations of game rules.
New version of the alphabetical index, showing number and type of cards used for each game as well as the number of players. The new index also has a fuller listing of alternative names of games and variants.
New page on the Czech game Dudák.
New page on the version of Tarocchi played in Piedicavallo, Italy.
New page on Card Bingo.
The Cucumber page has been revised and expanded, with sections on the different versions played in Sweden, Denmark, Poland and Finland.
Several Invented Games gave been added.
20th October 2011
Numerous broken links to other sites, including all the old Geocities links, have been updated or where necessary removed.
New page on the banking game Seven and a Half, as played in Italy, Spain and Brazil.
New page on the American race game Fast Track, with movement controlled by cards, and new page on Race Games.
New page on the Japanese Rummy game known as Seven Bridge.
New page on the Afghan game Chor Voli and its variant Ramchi.
New page on the game Générala, which is popular in Cameroon.
New page on the Colombian game Toruro
New page with links to rules of the British game Pip-Pip
The Toepen page now also has rules of the West German variant Siwweschrööm
The page on Austrian dominoes now includes rules of Buki and Pulle
The page on the Texan domino game Moon has been revised and expanded.
Rules for Domino Rounce have been added to the Domino Loo page
As usual, several Commercial and Invented games have been added.
7th March 2011
All the variants formerly listed on the old poker page are now reinstated, either on the existing variants pages or on the new pages for Badugi, Buy Your Card, Cincinnati, Guts, H.O.R.S.E., Iron Cross, Pass the Trash, Poker with Two Hands and Roll Your Own. All are listed in the poker variants index, along with invented poker variants which are now organised into separate pages for draw, stud, shared card, match pot and miscellaneous games.
New page on the Nepali three-pack rummy game Marriage.
New page on the popular Iranian fishing game Pâsur.
New page on the Sri Lankan game Juse.
New page on the West African game Agram.
New country pages for Nepal, Niger and Mali.
As usual, several Commercial and Invented games have been added.
22nd December 2010
The Poker section has been reorganised and expanded. The rules and hand ranking pages have been revised, with a new page on betting and the showdown. There is a new analytical poker variants index, and smaller indexes of draw, stud, shared card, low, hi-lo, split pot, match pot and compendium poker, games with wild cards, with passing or with buying and non-poker games used in dealer's choice. The old (mostly broken) links to poker variants are progressively being replaced by new pages, beginning with Texas Hold'em, Omaha, 5 Card Draw, 5 Card Stud, 7 Card Stud, Lowball, Baseball and Chicago. There are now separate pages for online poker rooms and portals, poker strategy, discussion and face to face games.
New page on the popular whist-like Indian and Pakistani game of Court Piece, also known as Rang or Seven Hands.
New page on the Indian trick-taking game Mendikot, a relative of Dehla Pakad.
New page on the Sri Lankan game Omi.
New page on the game of Satat from Mauritius.
New page on the Nigerian fishing game Elewenjewe.
New page on the 18th century 2-player whist game Humbug.
Rules for the Togolese game Sipa added to the Spar page.
The Page on the French game Aluette now includes rules.
The Fan Tan page now includes rules.
New country pages for Benin, Mauritius and Togo.
As usual, several Commercial and Invented games have been added.
21st August 2010
New page on the Indian game Dehla Pakad in which the object is to collect tens.
New page on Mpourloto, a Greek game similar to Belote.
New pages on the Japanese trick-taking games Kan and Kakeya Toranpu and their ancestor Etori.
New page on the North German game Fipsen.
New page on the Hungarian gambling game Ferbli.
New page on Telesina, a stud poker game from Italy.
New page on Sviten Special, a Swedish poker variant combining elements of Omaha and 5-card Draw.
The Ronda page now has full rules of this popular Moroccan game.
The page on the Faroese game Sjavs now includes its two- and three-player versions.
The page on the Finnish game Paskahousu now describes the version in which cards are played face up; the version with face down cards is more accurately known as Valepaska and has been moved to a new page with that title.
New page on the Pacific island Palau in the national and regional games section.
As usual, several Commercial and Invented games have been added.
A new style menu bar is progressively being introduced. We hope that this will make the site easier to navigate.
24th December 2009
New pages on two rummy games from India: Indian Rummy from Mumbai and Vazhushal (Wipe) from Chennai, Tamil Nadu.
New page on card Cricket, which is played in England and South Africa.
New page on Poker all'italiana.
New page on Two-player Whist, a variant of Norwegian / Minnesota Whist in which each player plays two cards to each trick.
The Don page now has rules for Blind Don, the two player version of 9-card Don from Lancashire.
New page on the popular proprietary game Top Trumps.
There is now a site map, listing all pagat.com pages and showing when they were last updated.
New page for Armenia added to the national and regional games section.
As usual, several Commercial and Invented games have been added.
22nd June 2009
New page on the north Indian game Seep
New page on the popular Japanese game Dai Fugo
New page on the Japanese game Page One, and a new group Inflation Games has been added to the classification by mechanism to hold games of this type.
New page on the Philippine rummy game Tong Its
New page on the two-player Canadian Rummy game Mille
New page on the Canadian game of card Hockey
New page on the Somali game Arpaa Turup
New page on the American hybrid card/board game One-Eyed Jack
New page with a link to David Parlett's rules for Calypso
Pages for Cameroon, Sudan, Ethiopia and the Maldives have been added to the National and Regional Games index.
As usual, several Commercial and Invented games have been added.
23rd December 2008
New page on GOPS, the bluffing "game of pure strategy", also known as Goofenspiel.
New page on the Italian game Beccaccino-Marafon and its 5-player variant Trionfo. The related negative game Mattazza was added to the Traversone page.
New pages on the Finnish game Marjapussi and its bidding variant Huutopussi (replacing the old page in which Huutopussi was wrongly titled Marjapussi).
New page on the children's game James Bond.
New page on the Russian beating game Kryt'-Navalivat'.
New page on the elaborate 6-player card game Gou Ji from Qingdao, China.
New page on the 17th century English game Ging
New page on the card game Yukon and its Scandinavian relative Gold-Digger.
New page on an American Hand and Foot Canasta variant known as "New Canasta"
New page on the Chinese arithmetical card game 24.
New page on Partnership Dominoes including some Puerto Rican variants; also a page on the Puerto Rican game Gallinazo.
The Pegs and Jokers page now has rules of the game, including the advanced "Arizona Rules".
Information on the Thai game Gob dum gob dang (Red Frog Black Frog) added to the Chinese Ten page.
The Blackjack page now has rules of the casino game as well as links.
New page on Minchiate with links to various information (rules in English to be added later).
Malta and Chad added to the National and Regional games section.
As usual, several games have been added to the Commercial Games and Invented Games pages.
27th September 2007
New pages on two Chinese climbing games for 3 or 4 players: Big Three and Fight the Landlord.
New pages on two Arabic games: Tarneeb, a trick-taking game with bidding, and the compendium game Trex.
New page on the Norwegian game Gnav and its Dutch relative Slabberjan, played in Zeeland.
New page on the American party game Hollywood Garbage.
New page on the children's game Pelmanism, also known as Concentration or Memory.
New page with link to the American game Kloepper, a relative of Sheepshead.
Revisions and further variations added to the pages on Agurk, Literature, Kierki, Truco (Uruguayan version added) and Twenty-Nine.
Thailand and Bangladesh added to the National and Regional Games section.
As usual, several games have been added to the Commercial Games and Invented Games pages
23rd March 2007
New page on the Canadian game 200 (Deux Cents), also known as 10.
New pages on the popular Mexican game Malilla and the related Flemish game Manillen
New page on the Polish compendium game Kierki
New page on 22, a multiple trick relative of the Scandinavian game Cucumber, found in North America.
New page on the American poker-related game 4 of a Kind
New page on Tournament Blackjack
Minibridge section added to the Bridge page
Saudi Arabia and Serbia added to the National and Regional games section
As usual, several games have been added to the Commercial Games and Invented Games pages
20th September 2006
New page on the Syrian and Lebanese trick-taking game 41.
New pages on four Indonesian games:
  • The trick-taking game Truf, with its unusual bidding procedure
  • Remi, the Indonesian version of Rummy
  • The draw and discard game 41 in which players try to collect 4 cards of a suit
  • The domino game Gaple
New page on the casino gambling game Three-Card Poker
New page on the competitive patience game Pishe Pasha
The Argentinean Loba page has been rewritten and expanded to cover Loba de Mas as well as Loba de Menos.
The old English gambling game Put now has its own page (separate from the French relative Truc) and a description of the 19th century form of the game has been added.
Further variations added to the Romanian Whist page.
New Surinam page in the National and Regional Games section.
As usual, several games have been added to the Commercial Games and Invented Games pages
24th April 2006
New page on the Korean flower card game Go Stop.
New page on Literature, a more challenging relative of Go Fish or Authors.
New page on the Hawaiian draw and discard game Paiute.
New page on the modern Israeli game Yaniv.
The Bourré page now has a full description of this Louisiana gambling game.
New page for Reviews of Poker Books
Link to rules of Marjolet - a two-player French ancestor of Bezique and Pinochle.
Link to rules of Pegs and Jokers - an American hybrid board and card game.
Pages on Jordan, Kuwait, Palestine, United Arab Emirates and Yemen have been added to the national and regional games index.
As usual, several games have been added to the Commercial Games and Invented Games pages
23rd December 2005
New page on the South American contract rummy game Telefunken.
New page on the North American game Six-Bid Solo and its variants Frog and Crazy Solo.
New page on the Spanish and Latin American game Escoba.
New page on the popular Iranian game Hokm.
New page on Caribbean Dominoes describing the games played in Jamaica.
The Argentinean variation Tute Cabrero has been added to the Tute page.
Link to rules of the Tibetan domino game Bagchen.
Links to rules of the 19th century French game Écarté.
Links to rules of the Greek game Prefa.
Link to rules of the unusual two-player combat game Cuttle.
A new category combat games has been added to the classification of games by mechanism.
Pages on Peru and Tibet have been added to the national and regional games index.
As usual, several games have been added to the Commercial Games and Invented Games pages
26th July 2005
New pages on the popular Belgian games Wiezen and Kleurenwiezen (Whist à la Couleur)
New pages on a group of Indian games distantly related to Jass: Twenty-Nine from the north and Twenty-Eight and Fifty-Six from Kerala in the south
A new page on Poker History has been contributed by David Parlett, to try to counteract the large amount of misinformation on this subject published on the web.
New page on Pochspiel, an ancestor of poker dating from the 15th century and still played in Germany
New page on Bouillotte, a French gambling game of the late 18th century which became fashioable in America in the 19th
Links to rules for Faro, a European casino game that was popular in America during the Gold Rush
New page on the West African game of Spar, which is popular in Ghana
New page on the unusual French Canadian game Mitaines
New page on Lupfen, a game from Liechtenstein
New page by Joe Celko on Italian Dominoes
Several games added to the Commercial Games page; new page on the eights game WHOT!
Many pages updated in the National and Regional Games section, with new pages on Ghana, Liechtenstein and Somalia.
Many additions to the Solitaire / Patience page. Tile Matching games moved to a new page.
As usual, many additions to the Invented Games page.
The Links to Other Information page, which had grown very long, has been moved to a new address and separated into links pages for software, online games, rules of games, playing-card inforamtion, bitmaps and fonts, sources for cards and equipment, services for game designers, tournaments and meetings, casinos and gambling, card tricks, books and discussion groups.
Because of the profusion of new poker sites, separate pages have been opened to hold links to suppliers of poker equipment and general poker links.
9th April 2004
New page on Twenty-Five, the national game of Ireland, and its bidding variants 55, 110 and 220.
New pages on Tile Rummy games: the Turkish game Okey, Romanian Tile Rummy and the commercial game Rummikub®.
New page on the Jass game Clabber, played in Evansville, Indiana.
New page on the two-player adaptations of Contract Bridge known as Honeymoon Bridge.
New pages on the children's games Slapjack and Stealing Bundles.
The page on the American domnino game Mexican Train has been rewritten and corrected.
Links to David Parlett's pages on the old English games Costly Colours and Losing Lodam.
New page on Video Poker.
Several games added to the Commercial Games page.
44 games added to the Invented Games page.
Many new links added to the Solitaire, Links to Other Information and many other pages, and many broken links corrected or removed.
13th November 2003
New page on 1000, the popular Russian and East European trick-taking game.
New page on the competitive patience/solitaire game Russian Bank, also known as Crapette.
New page on the many varieties of Golf, a draw and discard game played in North America and England.
New page on the Dutch game Boonaken.
New page on the children's games Spoons and Pig.
New page on Strip Poker, a game probably more talked about than played.
Joe Celko has contributed a large number of descriptions of Domino Games, played with Western and Chinese Dominoes.
Links to David Parlett's historical pages on the games of Penneech, Pope Joan, Quadrille, Reversis and Speculation.
New page on the Kurdish game Hoskin.
New pages with links to rules of Brouc, Burraco, Kapaga, Pilotta, Ronda, Zanga and Zwanzig Ab
Significant revisions to descriptions of Hola, Nine Card Brag and British All Fours.
The Chinese Ten page now has a description of the game instead of a (broken) link.
Entries for several countries in the National and Regional Index have been revised or expanded, and there are new pages for Angola, Azores, Bhutan, Chile, Latvia and Tajikistan.
Over 120 new games have been added to the Invented Games section over the last 3 months.
Change of address for Commercial (Proprietary) Games page. Several games added, plus a new page to hold Trading Games links.
Many new links added, especially on the Solitaire and Links to Other Information pages, but there is still a lot of work to do weeding out and updating broken links.
16th January 2002
Some improvements to the commercial games page, including more links for people who may want to buy the games on line.
More invented games added: I think I have now included all those submitted up to the end of 2001.
I have also dealt with quite a few broken links, updating them where possible, and removing them if I can't trace where the linked site has gone to. There are a few dozen that I am still chasing - these will be corrected or deleted in the near future.
This is still the aftermath of the 31st December 2001 main update - see below.
6th January 2002
I have now added about half of the invented games that were submitted since the June 2000 update. More to come next week.
I have also sorted out a number of outdated and broken links, but there are a lot more to do.
The main update of the site was on 31st December 2001 - see below.
31st December 2001
Apologies for the long interval since the last update.
New pages on the various forms of the rummy game Kaluki.
New page on Chinese Poker.
New page on the popular Chinese climbing game Big Two.
New page on the Japanese game Napoleon, and the page on its British namesake Nap (aka Napoleon) has been rewritten to contain rules for a number of variants.
New page on All Fours, which evolved in England and North America and now the national game of Trinidad.
The Canasta page has been rewritten and now gives rules of the modern American game as well as the classic game.
The page on the Swiss Tarot game Troccas now contains detailed rules.
New page on the Chinese double deck game of Tractor (or 80 points).
New page on the Finnish game Ristikontra
The page on the British game Nine Card Don has been rewritten and corrected; rules Irish Don and Phat have been added to the page.
New page on the Philippine game Cuajo, played with 112 Spanish cards
The page on Brag has been revised and corrected
The rules for Crash (13-card Brag) have been rewritten, expanded and moved to a separate page, along with 6-, 7- and 9-card Brag.
New page on the Tyrolean game Bieten, played with the Austrian 33 card deck with a WELI.
New page on Back Alley Bridge, a game from the American military.
New page on Romanian Tarok.
New page on the children's game Beggar My Neighbour
Links to pages with rules for Bezique, Tapp Tarock, Panguingue, Umtali and Casino Hold'em.
Two new groups of games have been identified in the classified index: the picture group and the partition group.
In the National and Regional Index, the entries for many countries and regions have been expanded, and new pages have been added for Algeria, Bulgaria, Estonia, Indonesia, Jamaica, Luxembourg, Morocco, Nigeria, Norway, Paraguay, Puerto Rico and Ukraine.
Several more Commercial games and Solitaire games have been added.
Many new links have been added, but I have not had time to attend to some of the older broken links - I'm sorry that some references may currently point to sites that no longer exist.
I have not yet had time to update the Invented Games section - apologies to those many people who are waiting for their games to appear.
9th June 2000
The National and Regional Games index has been expanded, reorganised and moved to http://www.pagat.com/national/. Instead of a single page dealing with 16 countries, there is now an index page plus about 60 separate pages for the various countries or regions covered.
The Classified Index page has a new section on card games classified by type of cards or tiles used, leading to new pages for each of the main types.
New page on the Spanish game Tresillo.
New page on the popular Austrian game Bauernschapsen.
New page on the Bavarian and Tyrolean game Watten.
New page on the game Rikken played in the southern Netherlands.
New pages on the British gambing game Brag and its variants, and on the related Indian game Teen Pathi.
New pages on the Russian games Prostoy Durak and Svoi Kozyri.
New page on Quan Dui, a Chinese game played with money cards.
New page on the Mexican rummy game Conquian
New page on the Polish game Mizerka
New page on the German Jass game Klabberjass
New pages on the German games Kalter Schlag and Laus
The page on the Czech and Slovak national game Marias now includes detailed rules
New page on Mah Jong, with links to various information about the game
Link to the rules of German Solo, played in North America
Link to rules of the Belizean game Pitty Pat
Further variations added to the page on the Hungarian national game Ulti
Several items have been added to the Commercial Games, Invented Games and Patience / Solitaire pages, and there are numerous corrections and additions to other pages.
15th September 1999
New page on the Jass game Staekske Rape, played in Maastricht, Netherlands.
New page on Israeli Whist.
New page on Troggu, a 62-card Tarot game played in Wallis, Switzerland.
New page on the Central European Jewish game Quitlok.
The Swazi and Sotho versions of Casino have been added to the Casino page.
New page on Buck Euchre, a North American cut-throat Euchre game for 3 or 4 players.
New page on the North American gambling game 7-27.
New pages on two non-games: 3 Card Monte and 52 Card Pickup.
The page on the Swedish national game Vira has been rewritten and expanded, with more on variants, history, and advice on how to play.
The pages on Cuckoo games and on Screw Your Neighbor have been reorganised a bit.
The Botifarra page has been revised, with more on variations and some information on duplicate tournaments.
Links to rules of several more domino games have been added.
Links have also been added to pages on Krypkille and Loo
As usual, several items have been added to the Commercial Games, Invented Games and Patience / Solitaire pages, and there are numerous small changes to other pages.
27th April 1999
The classified index has been reorganised. Instead of a single page (which was becoming too long) there is now a hierarchy of pages describing groups of related games. This should make it easier for users to find related games, and for me to add other types of classification. I have started a classification by objective and a (widely requested) list of children's games.
New page on the Russian prisoners' games Bura and Kozel
New page on the game Spitzer, from Northern Michigan, USA.
New page on the Canasta variant Pennies from Heaven
New page on the British two player game German Whist
New page on the Korean game Mighty
New page on Napalm, a poker-like game from the USA
New page on the casino game Let It Ride
New page on Double Solitaire
Link to rules of Si Se Pai, a game played with Chinese four-colour chess cards
Link to rules of the Sri Lankan rummy game Proter
The page on the Icelandic game Manni has been expanded to include rules of several variations.
The Zwickern page has been reorganised and now describes the partnership game in detail.
The Sheepshead page now includes full rules and variations, from Eric Bushnell's old page.
The Skat page has been revised for the 1999 changes to the rules, and now has a new section on Texas Skat
The Spite and Malice page has been reorganised
The War page now has a section on the Russian variation P'yanitsa (Drunkard)
The Illustrated Hungarian Tarokk page has been extended, with further advice on conventional announcements. Hungarian language versions of both the basic and illustrated tarokk rules are now available.
Further variations of Bid Euchre and King Pedro have been added to the relevant pages
Rules of the Domino game Mexican Train have been added to the Train page.
As usual, several items have been added to the Commercial Games, Invented Games and Patience / Solitaire pages.
22nd November 1998
The Basic Hungarian Tarokk and Illustrated Hungarian Tarokk pages have been rewritten and expanded. They now include details of variations and sections on strategy. There is also a new set of Example Hands demonstrating bidding, announcement and playing techniques.
New page on the popular Spanish game of Tute and its variations such as Tute Subastado and Guiñote.
New page on the American game Pedro (also known as Cinch) and its relatives such as King Pedro and 83.
New page on the British game Solo Whist
New page on Scat, also known as 31 or Ride the Bus (not to be confused with Skat).
New page on Golden Ten, a Hearts variant played with Rook cards.
New page on Last One, an eights game played in North American prisons.
The French Tarot page has been revised and a two player version added.
Some more variations of the adding games 98 / 99 / 100 have been included.
Link to rules of the Bavarian national game Schafkopf
Links to rules of the Spanish game Brisca and its variant Alcalde
Link to rules of the Czech and Slovak game Mariás'
Links to reconstructions of the old games Karnöffel and Maw
Links to games of the Donauschwaben in 19th century Hungary: Rufmariasch, Preferansz and Ramsli
As usual, more items have been added to the Commercial Games, Invented Games and Patience / Solitaire pages.
14th August 1998
New page on Slovenian Tarok
New page on Pishti, a popular game from Turkey
New page on the three player version of the North American game Pinochle
New page on the Faroese game Sjavs
New page on a different version of I Doubt It!
Link to a page on the Icelandic game Manni
Link to page on the French (Breton) game Aluette (the cow game)
Rook page revised, with rules for Call Partner Rook
The Ulti page has been revised, and a second page added
The Zheng Shangyou page has been revised, and the six-player partnership version added
Revisions and corrections to the pages on Mensch, Belote, Bid Whist, Basra, Kings in the Corner and Voormsi.
Several additions to the Commercial Games and Invented Games pages.
26th May 1998
New page on Ulti, the national card game of Hungary
New page on the Egyptian game Basra
New page on Mensch, a game from Saskatchewan, Canada
New page on the North American game Kings in the Corners
The Bid Whist page now has full rules and variations
The page on the French national game Belote has been expanded and now has rules of Belote and Belote Découverte
The Stýrivolt page has been rewritten and expanded
The Casino page has been revised and expanded; it now includes the South African version.
The Tonk page has been revised and expanded.
The variations Molotow Jass and Plus-Minus Jass have been added to the Mittlere Jass page.
The Tien Len page has been revised and corrected
A further variation has been added to the Table Top Cribbage page
A variation (99) has been added to the 98 page.
The Voormsi page has been corrected and updated.
SkipBo and Rage have been added to the Commercial Games page
13 more games added to the Invented Games page
14th February 1998 (sorry about the long gap)
New page on Durak, the Russian national game
New page on Sueca, a game popular in Portugal and Brazil
New pages on Michican (Newmarket, Boodle) and Three in One, the modern American version of Poch.
New page on Tonk, a rummy game from the USA.
New page on Tribello, a three player whist like game from Illinois, USA.
New page on Tien Len, a popular game from Vietnam, also known in China as Ding Lin.
New page on the drinking game Ninety-Eight.
Double Deck Pinochle page rewritten and expanded to include variations and bidding systems.
The page on Nerts (also known as Pounce or Racing Demon) now gives full rules and variations.
New page on Table Top Cribbage, a game using cribbage scores and a 5 x 5 card layout.
New page on Differenzler Jass, with a brief description and a link to a computer program.
14 more games added to the Invented Games page
Link to rules and computer program for La Podrida (a Spanish relative of Oh Hell!).
Several more variations added to Shithead page
Several more Commercial Games added.
16th November 1997
New page on Taroky, a tarot game played in the Czech Republic and Slovakia
New page on Madrasso, a popular Venetian card game
New page on Stovkahra, a Trappola game played in Romania
New section of the web site for invented games - newly created games to play with existing card decks
Small updates to pages, including:
15th October 1997
New page on Truco, the national card game of Argentina
New page on the Catalan / French game Truc and the old English game Put
Hand and Foot page rewritten and expanded; partnership versions now included.
Pit, Pico and Roolz added to Commercial Games page
The International Playing-Card Society pages are now hosted on this site
New page which allows you to register with URL-minder to be informed by e-mail when this site is updated.
30th August 1997
The Card Games site has a new address: http://www.pagat.com/.
The old (Netlink) address still works and points to the same pages, but you are encouraged to use the new address (and update your bookmarks and links), as it is more future-proof.
New page on Nos, an elaborate Dutch domino game.
New page on Minnesota Whist
Updates to Bid Euchre, Spite and Malice, Klaverjas and various other pages.
Link to rules of Nerts.
12th July 1997
New page on the Chinese game Looking for Friends (Zhao Pengyou) for 6 to 12 players
Rummy games Manipulation and Tile Rummy added to Carousel page.
Pitch / Setback and Smear pages revised and expanded with further variations.
Mille Bornes and Fluxx added to Commercial Games page.
Section on China added to National and Regional Games page.
18th June 1997
New page on Cego (special Tarok game from Baden, Germany), and a page on counting points in Tarot games
Contract Rummy page revised with new sections on Shanghai Rummy and Progressive Rummy
New page on the rummy game Push
New page on the rummy games Carousel, Vatikan and Shanghai
Tichu and Wizard added to Commercial Games page.
Five hundred page revised
Kaiser page revised and expanded
Droggn and Dobbm pages revised
Front page of site redesigned, and site policy and acknowledgements moved to their own page.
31st March 1997
New pages on Cöch and Zifuli (Italian games with Cuckoo cards), Kaiser (Canadian), Train (domino game using 12-12 set), Ciapanò (Lombardy) and 3-13 (American).
Rules of the Dutch national game Klaverjassen now in English
Sergeant Major page expanded to include 9-5-2.
French Tarot and Texas 42 pages revised
Commercial games page rearranged with Kuhhandel, Mü and Uno added
More links added to pages in the Medieval and Renaissance Games site and to card and domino rules held on Game Cabinet.
27th February 1997
New page on Zwicker (from Schleswig Holstein)
New page on Cau Robat (from Catalonia)
New page on Encaje, a version of the Spanish game Mus for 3 or 5 players, and some improvements to the Mus page.
New page on the Argentinean version of Loba, and the Argentinean game Carioca added to the Central American Loba page
Spit / Speed page revised and expanded
16th January 1997
New page on Pontoon and Shoot Pontoon
Red Dog page expanded; Ace-Deuce (Yablon) moved to separate page
President / Asshole page revised and expanded with more variants
23rd December 1996
New pages on Chicago (from Sweden), Cuarenta (from Ecuador) and Da Bai Fen (from China).
Poker Menteur page expanded.
Local copies of Steve Simpson's Hand and Foot and Toonerville Rook pages provided.
InterCol London page now hosted on this site.
17th November 1996
New pages on NLK (from Hungary) and Verish' ne verish' (from Russia).
Solitaire page reinstated on this site.
Pitch / Setback and Palace / Shithead pages revised (more variations).
19th September 1996
New pages on Vorms (played in Greenland) and Styrivolt (played in the Faroe Islands)
14th September 1996
New pages on Cassino, the British game Nine Card Don and the Australian game Ugly.
Major revision of Smear page.
Links to domino games from Game Cabinet: Five-Up, Pai Gow, Tien Gow, Tiu U, Kap Tai Shap.
29th August 1996
New page on the Catalan game Botifarra
26th August 1996
New pages on the Italian game Cicera, played in Brescia, and on Poker Menteur
Expanded section on France in National page.
Rules of Zsírozás and Raub corrected
13th August 1996
New page on the Croatian game Raub
New page on Strategy of Card Games
Various small corrections and improvements.

6th August 1996

The Card Games site was moved to its new home at http://www.netlink.co.uk/users/pagat/

From now on, updates are likely to be smaller but more frequent.


24th July 1996

Rules of games added this time
Bid Euchre, Bullshit / Cheat, Camicia, Contract Rummy / May I?, Crazy Eights, Crates, Danish Tarok, Five Hundred, Five Hundred Rum, Gin Rummy, Go Fish, Old Maid, Double Deck Pinochle, Piquet, Rummy, Samba, Schnapsen / 66, Spite and Malice, Stubai Tarock, Toppm, Zheng Fen, Zsírozás
Revised pages include:
42 (splash), Hearts, Skat (variations), Tressette (2 player version), Euchre, President, Skitgubbe, and there are many other small changes
Extra games covered through links to other sites:
All Fives, Auction 45, Baccarat, Bid Whist, Blackjack, Chinese Ten, Coinche, Knaves, Napoleon, Russian Preference, 2-player Pinochle, Red Dog
Solitaire / Patience page
This is now edited by Kim Scarborough, and located on his site.

25th March 1996

Rules of games added this time:
Croatian Preference, Hola, L'Hombre, Loba, Oh Hell!, Pinochle, Shithead, Spoons, Tarocchi Bolognesi (Ottocento), Terziglio (Calabresella), Zheng Shangyou

Rules in English added to Doppelkopf page;

Minor improvements to various pages including Euchre, Spades and Canasta; also Solitaire and Commercial pages expanded

Individual Poker variants now listed in alphabetical index

National and Regional page now has Canada, Denmark, Russia

New links to other sites including:
Bridge, Doppelkopf, Euchre, Sergeant Major, Setback, Sheepshead, Spades

25th January 1996

Games added this time:
Agurk, Asshole, Bridge, Gong Zhu, Kemps, Ninety-Nine, Pai Gow Poker, Pepper, Pitch / Setback, Schmier, Spit.

Links added pointing to various card game pages on other sites, including:
Bridge, Eleusis, Klaverjassen, Poker, Ramsch, Scopone

A new site was established, the Card Games Supplement at http://ourworld.compuserve.com/homepages/jmcleod/cards.htm. This will be used for drafts of new and revised pages, before they are added to this site.

Various errors corrected. Significant additions to Spades page.

The 6th December 95 update did not in fact appear on line until 18th January 1996. Sorry about the delay.

6th December 1995

Games added this time:
Euchre, Spades, Schieber Jass, Sergeant Major, Mao, Whist, Knockout Whist, 6 card Cribbage, Bela, Púkk, Briscola, War, Canasta, Paskahousu.

Links added pointing to various card game pages on other sites, including pages about:
Mao, Rook, Albany Canasta, Bartog, Primero, Belote, Doppelkopf, Troccas, Fan Tan.

Pages started on Patience / Solitaire games and on Commercial games, but there is not much in them yet.

First version of Mechanics of Card Games page included - comments please.

Lots of errors corrected and further information added to some pages. Major additions to the Texas 42 page.

1st October 1995

Games added this time:
Barbu, Cuckoo, Coiffeur-Schieber Jass, Mittlere Jass, Pandoeren, Austrian Preference, Schwimmen, Scopone and Scopa, Toepen.

More links added to general sites and for rules of Boo-Ray, Hearts, Poker, Sheepshead.

Classification index expanded; Czech Republic, Hungary and USA added to national / regional page.

Numerous errors and misprints corrected - thanks to those who pointed them out.
Nick Wedd found a major gap in the Kaiserjass page (we forgot to say how the trump suit is determined). This has been fixed - thanks Nick.
Some more details of variations have been added to the French Tarot page.

21st August 1995

Games added: French Tarot, Marjapussi, Mus, Romanian Whist, Tressette, Vier-anderle.

Some links to other sites have been added, some general and some for specific games (Egyptian Ratscrew, Set, Sheepshead, Skat, Zwanzigerrufen).

The index of games by type expanded to give much fuller descriptions of the various groups, and some further groups added.

The alphabetical index now includes the number of players needed for each game.

The title page has been reorganised, with better information about policy and contributions which (I hope) will encourage people to contribute. Section on other sources of information moved to its own page.

Various other small improvements and corrections.


26th July 1995

As this is the first edition of these pages about card games, everything is new!

There are rules of 16 card games:
Alkort, Brus, Coteccio, Cribbage (Five Card), Duren Piatkowy, Hungarian Tarokk (two kinds), Kaiserjass, Kjempetosk, Königsrufen (Austrian Tarock), Liuk Fu, Mas, Ramsch, Skat, Treikort and Vira.

There are notes on national and regional games of 9 countries:
Austria, France, Germany, Great Britain, Italy, Netherlands, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland

There is an alphabetical index of games, and the beginning of a classification scheme, with games indexed by type.