Card Games: Trump Group
These are plain trick games in which a small number of cards (often five) is dealt, there is a trump suit, and the objective is to win tricks. I have called this the "trump group" because one of the earliest games of this type is called Triomphe, the word from which "trump" is derived.
- The two-player game Écarté was fashionable in France in the 19th century, but is seldom played nowadays.
- Watten is a five card game played in Bavaria and Tyrol with a trump rank as well as a trump suit.
- Giltspiel is an old Tyrolean game with points for the best set and sequence as well as for taking three of the five tricks.
There are several subgroups, distinguished by a particular card order, or some other special feature:
- The Rams group, in which players can drop out, and if you stay in and fail to take a trick you pay a penalty.
- The Spoil Five Group, in which there are are some special top trumps that can renege, and the black suit numerals rank in reverse order.
- The Euchre Group in which the trump jack and the other jack of the same colour are high.
- The Karnöffel group is a very old group of games in which the trumps are only partly effective, and the card order in the trump suit is highly disturbed.
Some of the more recent trump games have bidding to determine the number of tricks to be taken: