Chinese Ten

Introduction

In Chinese this game is known as Jiăn Hóng Diăn (pick up red spots) (揀紅點 or in simplified characters 拣红点). It is very similar to the Thai game Red Frog Black Frog (Gob Dum Gob Dang - กบดำกบแดง). The playing process whereby a card is flipped from the face-down deck after each play from a player's hand is characteristic of Oriental fishing games.

The description below was originally based with permission on the account by Jen Minute (Bullock) formerly available on the page http://members.xoom.com/_XMCM/niferbee/frames/Cards/chinese.htm which unfortunately disappeared around the end of 2001, along with the whole of her 'House of Cards' site. Additional information was contributed by David Halber, Stephen Coleman, Florent Barraco and Kantaphon Tongmee.

Players, Cards and Deal

The game is played with a standard 52-card pack. The number of cards dealt to players varies depending on how many are playing. For a game with two players, each player gets twelve cards. For a game with three players, each player gets eight cards. For a game with four players, each player gets six cards. It is easy to remember how many get dealt to each player by simply dividing 24 by the number of people who are playing (i.e. 24 divided by 2 = 12, each player gets 12 cards).

After all the cards have been dealt, four cards are turned over face up from the remaining deck and placed in a layout like this:

XX
D(X = card; D = deck)
XX

The layout isn't that important, if you want your own setup, go right on ahead... (Just as long as you begin the game four cards out and the remaining deck on the table.)

Playing

The object of the play is to capture cards from the layout. A numeral card from Ace (1) to Nine captures another numeral card if their values add up to exactly ten - so for example Ace captures Nine, Nine captures Ace, Three captures Seven, a Five captures another Five, and so on. Tens and picture cards can only capture another card of the same rank: Ten captures Ten, Queen captures Queen, and so on. Suits don't matter for the purpose of capturing.

At your turn you play one card from your hand. If it captures a card from the layout, you take both cards and place them face down in front of you in your pile of won cards; if not you leave it face up as a new layout card. Whether you captured or not, you next flip the top card of the face down deck face up. If this captures a card from the layout you take both cards; if not it remains in the layout. After you have played one card and flipped one card, whether you captured or not, the turn passes to the next player.

Note that each card played or turned up can only capture one card from the layout. If the initial layout is 3-3-6-Q and you play a Seven, you can only capture one of the Threes from the layout (3+7=10). If you play an Ace you do not capture anything (you cannot use 1+3+6=10 to capture two cards at once).

Note also that although the layout always begins with four cards, during the game there may often be more or fewer than four cards in the layout.

For another example, look at the following initial layout with the Jack of hearts, Ace of hearts, Six of clubs, and Two of hearts.

HJHA
Deck
C6H2

To make a move on a turn (with this layout), a player would need to play (out of his hand) a Jack (on the Jack), a Nine (on the Ace), a Four (on the Six), or an Eight (on the Two). Suppose he plays a Jack. He takes the pair of Jacks and stacks them face down in front of him (for later evaluation). He next flips over the top card from the deck and places it face up on the table. Suppose it's the Six of spades. This does not capture anything. It is now the next player's turn and the new layout is:

S6HA
Deck
C6H2

If, after capturing the Jack, the player had flipped a Four, capturing the Six from the table, then only two layout cards would remain for the beginning of the next player's turn:

HA
Deck
H2

If the rules are followed correctly, then you should finish with no cards in any player's hand, no cards in the face-down deck and no cards in the layout - on the final play, the last card from the deck will always capture the last card from the layout.

Special cases

If the initial layout contains three kings, three queens, three jacks, three tens or three fives, then the fourth card of that rank captures all three matching cards.

If the initial layout consists of four kings, four queens, four jacks, four tens or four fives, then the dealer automatically captures the four of a kind.

These two rules are necessary to avoid having cards in the layout that can never be captured.

Scoring

At the end of the game, each player should have a stack of cards next to him. When there are two players, only the red cards have a value; when there are three players, the Ace of spades also scores; when there are four players the red cards and both black Aces score. Black cards other than Aces are always worthless. The point values of the cards are as follows:

CardsPoint Value
red 2 - 8face value
red 9 - King10 points each
red Ace20 points each
Ace of spades30 points when there are three or four players - otherwise zero
Ace of clubs40 points when there are four players - otherwise zero

The tie score is

  • 105 points in a two-player game
  • 80 points in a three-player game
  • 70 points in a four-player game.

The difference of your score from the "tie score" is the amount you win or lose by. If your score is exactly the tie score you have neither won nor lost.

Example of scoring:
Let's suppose a person had the following red cards in a two-player game:
    K, Q, 9, 6, 7, 3, 4, 5, 5, and an Ace of Hearts.
The points would add up as follows:
    10 + 10 + 10 + 6 + 7 + 3 + 4 + 5 + 5 + 20 = 80.
This player has lost by 25 points (105 - 80 = 25), and the other player should have 130 points, winning by 25 (because 130 - 105 = 25).

Variations

Taiwan variant

Stephen Coleman describes a variation played in Taiwan. This is for four players. Deal and play are clockwise and the turn to deal passed to the left after each round (i.e. when all the cards have been played and scored). The dealer shuffles and the player to dealer's right cuts the deck and may look at the cut card, which will become the bottom card of the deck. The dealer plays first.

In this version the Ace of clubs is worth nothing; the Ace of spades is the only black card worth points (30). Red aces are 20 points, red K-9 are 10 points, red 8-2 are face value as above. The tie-score (or 'base') is 60 points. It is often played as a gambling game: Losers pay into the pot $1 (Taiwan dollar) for each point less than 60, and winners collect from the pot $1 for each point over 60.

Red 5 Bonus. If a player manages to capture both red 5's in a single play, then the other players must each give him 10 of their points at the end of the round (by giving him one of their captured 10-point cards). [The strategy to avoid this, if you have no red 5's in your hand, is to lay down a black 5 as soon as possible, hopefully forcing another player to play his red 5 on a black one, preventing the bonus.]

Florent Barraco describes a similar version for 2 or 4 players in which the red aces are worth only 10 points rather than 20, like the K-9, red 8-2 are face value and the ace of spades is 30. This gives a total of 220 points, so the tie-score is 110 with 2 players and 55 with 4 players. Players pay or receive according to their difference from the tie score, and in addition a player who captures a red 5 with the other red 5 is paid 10 points by each of the other players.

Red Frog Black Frog (Gob Dum Gob Dang - กบดำกบแดง)

This Thai game, described to me by Kantaphon Tongmee, is played the same way as Chinese Ten, but the scoring is somewhat different.

  • Red cards are always worthless.
  • Black cards 2-9 are worth face value.
  • Black 10-J-Q-K are worth 10 points each.
  • The Ace of Clubs is worthless.
  • The Ace of Spades is worth 50 points.