Card games in Poland
French suited cards (hearts, diamonds, clubs and spades) are prevalent over most of the country, and are available as 52, 36(?check), 32 and 24 card packs.
In the part of Silesia that belonged to Austria before 1918, around Czechowice, Taroki is played with 54-card Tarok packs imported from the Czech Republic: the game is similar to the Czech game. Another form of Taroki, in which a King is called instead of the XIX, is played nearby at Kozy, which was formerly in the former Austrian province of Galicia.
Popular games with the French suited pack include:
- Tysiąc (1000), which is similar to the Russian game Tysiacha. It is a three-player marriage game with bidding, played with 24 cards. The trump suit is determined by a player who has the king and queen of that suit declaring it while leading one of those cards to a trick.
- The same 24-card pack is used to play Zechcyk - the Polish version of 66.
- 3-5-8, a three-player plain-trick game with the full 52 card pack.
- Mizerka, another three-player plain-trick game, in which each player has to undertake a series of contracts.
- Ogórek (cucumber), in which the aim is to avoid having the highest card in the last trick.
- Kierki, a compendium game for four players.
- Kop is played with a deck of just 16 cards: A-Q-J-10 of each suit in Wielkopolska ("Great Poland" - the region around Poznań). A similar game Baśka ("little Barbara") is played in Cashubia, to the west of Gdansk.
- Planowanie (planning) is the Polish equivalent of Oh Hell!
- Dureń and Dureń Piątkowy - beating games also played in Russia.
- Szpaczki - a fishing game, in which number cards are captured by adding up to 11.
- Pan is the polite name for a beating game of the round game type, played with the 24-card pack, in which the aim is to get rid of your cards. The common name of this game is Huj, a highly obscene word for penis, which should be avoided in polite company.
- The name Dupa Biskupa is apparently used for several different card games: a trick-taking game in which the aim is to avoid winning the Q; a quartet game in which the aim is to collect suits; and as another alternative name for Pan.
- Makao - the Polish version of Crazy Eights.
- Derda - a game of the Jass family similar to the French game Belote is played with a 32 card pack (sevens low).
- The 32-card pack, from ace down to 7, is also used to play a local version of Poker.
The Doktorek web site, which offers rules of Polish and other card games in Polish, was formerly available at www.googie.pl. Here is an archive copy.
The Polish language page Kasyno online has a brief history of casinos in Poland and aims to provide casino reviews and information on gambling regulation.